CLEAR was launched in 2007 by the Pacific Graduate School of Psychology (PGSP) of Palo Alto University to conduct research that has a direct impact on the mental health and well being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals and their families.

CLEAR's vision is that every person — adult or child — will have access to the social and psychological resources necessary to construct affirming identities congruent with their deepest selves.

Working with an outstanding cadre of psychology researchers and graduate students, CLEAR is able to provide cost effective research consultation and technical assistance to help organizations develop evidence-based clinical practices. This includes development of treatments based on the best research evidence available and continued evaluation of treatment outcomes to determine the extent to which they work.

CLEAR encourages both qualitative and quantitative tools in a community participatory context matched to the specific needs of each project. All research conducted by CLEAR is informed by the most current research and practice in the field of LGBTQ youth, developmental psychology, socio-cultural approaches, and behavioral change technologies.


Youth Suicide and BullyingCo-Director and Founder, Peter Goldblum Ph.D., MPH co-edited with University of Illinois professor Dorothy Espelage, and PAU professors and CLEAR team members Joyce Chu and Bruce Bongar, Youth Suicide and Bullying: Challenges and Strategies for Prevention and Intervention (2014), Oxford University Press.

Kimberly Balsam, Ph.D., Co-Director was elected President-elect of the American Psychological Associate’s Division 44: Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues. Dr. Balsam also co-directs the LGBTQ Area of Emphasis at PAU and runs an active research group at PAU that focuses on LGBTQ issues.

Matthew Skinta, Ph.D., ABPP came to PAU as the Co-Director and primary supervisor of the Sexual and Gender Identities Clinic within the Gronowski Clinic. Dr. Skinta is Board Certified in Health Psychology. He is also Chair of APA’s Committee on Psychology and AIDS (COPA).

Janice Habarth, Ph.D. published a validation study on her Heteronormativity Attitudes and Beliefs Scale in the Journal Psychology and Sexuality (Volume 6, Issue 2, 2015).

Gender Quest WorkbookRylan Testa, Ph.D. is Assistant Professor in the Psychology Department and Director of the Health Behavior and Disparities Lab at Rhodes College, Memphis, Tennessee. In 2015, he received APA Div 44’s Transgender Research Award. While at PAU he and several colleagues wrote the Gender Quest Workbook: Helping Youth Explore Gender published by New Harbinger in 2015. He continues to be actively involved in CLEAR.  

Photographs on this page are of professional models with no affiliation to CLEAR or Palo Alto University.